Interesting Ukraine: Mlynky Cave
Mlynky – one of the largest horizontal caves in Ukraine. The length of about 35 km. Located in the Ternopil region, Chortkovsky district, with. Zalissya.
The base of the cave is a gypsum rock. A few million years ago, the entire cave was the monolithic bottom of the Sarmatian Sea. Gradually, cracks formed in the rock, into the depths of which water fell and washed out cavities, which now turned into numerous passages.
The first mentions of the cave are dated 1960. Excavations and research are actively underway to this day. The moves are often opened by the explosive method. Lay powder powder and strengthen it with clay.
The walls of the cave are covered with numerous crystals – white, yellow, red and black. There are several halls with stalactites, but in these caves they are rare, and the hall where they are most of all called “Fairy Tale”.
Mlynky is horizontal cave, although vertical arrays are also found in it.
The cave entrance is a small metal door with a key lock.
The air temperature in the cave is 9-12 degrees at any time of the year. The air is clean and even healthy. The average depth from the surface is 30-60 meters, and 300 m above sea level. Of the fauna only bats, and they fly only to sleep.
The routes in the cave are just a huge amount. All of them are carefully mapped, but no one knows all the moves, and how many are not yet open, one can only guess. Standard elements that occur on the path of any speleologist are throats and skin shakers, as well as perfectly cute pipes with a diameter exactly under your body and slippery from the inside.
Here everyone is starting to show miracles of flexibility and cunning. After climbing a length of 3-4 meters, you crawl your head down into a 6-meter well – the first feeling is to crawl back, but you need to bend forward and to the right so that you can stick out your legs one after the other, and then … lower them down into the well, which is contrary to any healthy to reason. But in the cave everything is different!
The first excursion usually takes place in the Northern region. It is relatively simple – of an introductory nature, the main task is to prepare for the upcoming difficulties. First, there will be huge entrance halls before your eyes, then you will go to the “Table Stone” and the “Asterisk” crossroad, and soon you will see the “Northern Gallery”.
The most difficult obstacle on the route is the course “Devil’s Throat”, where you have to climb through a narrow vertical gorge, after which you will be surprised by the free galleries of the Northern region.
The end point is the Bat Hall (“Kazhanna”), which you will try to find yourself on the gypsum ceiling of the cave. The hall is spacious and in comparison with the rest of the cave is very high, at the level of the second and third floor. This very Kazhan lives there. Spread its wings on the wall under the ceiling, amber pours – a two-meter silhouette of a bat, drawn by nature itself, all from the same plaster of plaster.
In the same room you can ride on the “Cossack roller coaster”. A small slope, slippery from water dripping on it. From this stone hill you can ride like with ice, so it is smooth.
On the way back there is an opportunity to climb over the “Teschin tooth”, go through the “Yellow Pipe”, climb on the “Cockroach Races” on your knees and squeeze into the scary “Merry move”. Now you are acclimatized and ready for the upcoming loads.
A trip to the Eastern District will give you a lot of crystals and passages covered with shimmering reflections of fine snow. You need to be careful not to damage the cave beauty. The expected obstacles include the Ushba moves (zealous ones may try to climb it from above) and Fantasia.
One of the most difficult passages of the Mlynky cave – “Roddom” – is waiting for the hardiest ones. A “maternity hospital” is a narrow horizontal passage, which subsequently goes at a right angle into a vertical shaft about 4 m deep.
In the Western District, the Fairy Tale Hall is considered to be the main sightseeing object, where you can enjoy a surprisingly picturesque cluster of stalactites and stalagmites. And also you will have the opportunity to inspect the stone “Obelisk”, overcome the “Children’s wrangle” and visit the hall “Brest”. If you have enough time, you can also go to the hall “Slingshot”, where cavers built a castle of clay.